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THROUGH THE BINOCULARS OF THE GRAPHIC COLLECTIVE - MAPPING HISTORY


Ljubica Cuca Sokić


Art historians and art critics have paid due attention to the work of Ljubica Cuca Sokić, continuously following her development path through intensive artistic activity for over seven decades. However, one segment of Cuca Sokić's work remained insufficiently noticed in critical reviews and literature, and even little known to the general public. It is an illustration that is an integral part of this rich creative opus.
Cuca Sokić had two solo exhibitions in the Graphic Collective. She exhibited her illustrations for the first time in the spring of 1989, and in 1995 the choice was works on paper - drawings, watercolors, tempera and pastels.


       

Branimir Karanović, Bogdan Kršić, Ljubica Cuca Sokić, The Graphic Collective Gallery, 1995, photo: Dragiša Radulović;
Ljubica Cuca Sokić, Zoran Božović, Milica Letić, Ljiljana Ćinkul, Ilija Kostov, Milan Blanuša, The Graphic Collective Gallery, 1995.


Promoting the illustrations of Ljubica Sokić, the Graphic Collective tried to point out this area of the painter's artistic work with the premise that in the conditions of the gallery presentation, this will be only the first complete information and a reminder for future more thorough research.
Life opportunities, or rather non-opportunities, brought to the previous bourgeoisie by the new order, resulted in the loss of her working space; Cuca Sokić did not have an atelier from 1947 to 1960. At that time, she worked in the cramped space of the apartment, on the kitchen table, concentrating on drawings and small-format paintings. Small formats from the fifties "kept me going," she said. That time also coincides with the author's more serious creative dilemmas, because, leaving the sphere of the mimetic, she searches for the inner meaning of the visual, for the primary idea from which the painting begins. This is the period when she worked intensively on illustrations for magazines and books. From the first illustrations published in 1935 until the next forty years, he published them in books, newspapers and magazines for children and youth. At the same time, the volume of her achievements is surprising - she has illustrated over 30 books and collaborated in several newspapers and magazines - in Pravda, Pionir, Poletarc, Zmaj, Poletarc, Duško Radović.
The artist of exceptional talent Cuca Sokić in the magic of creating a trace of spiritual balance and harmonious relations of his inner vocation. Her handwriting is recognizable and readable, in the spirit of good European traditions, and the figuration in which she moves develops from a subtle sketch to delicate painting gradations.
In the inspired essays for this first exhibition of illustrations, Božidar Timotijević sent illustrations by Cuca Sokić to three imperishable natural phenomena: Morning, Spring and Sun, and Vesna Lakićević Pavićević connects the painter's creative motive and relationship to the metaphysical space with Alice's curiosity.


               


Cuca Sokić's conviction that a person matures slowly and that maturation is a constant rejection of unnecessary signposts is also an explanation for concise and simple expression; a certain spiritual asceticism, typical of her creative stronghold, is close to her illustrations.
Numerous sketches and notes made in the aisle, on the street, in the park, in which she tries to record typical children's poses in the name of authenticity - when they sit, jump, walk, expressing themselves. joy or sorrow.
Over a hundred exhibited originals in 1989 in the Graphic Collective - grouped into certain wholes and close to the aesthetics of poetic realism and intimacy - point to the time and devotion that Cuca Sokić dedicated to this type of art, which in her oeuvre cannot be bypassed. In addition, with her pioneering work on illustration, the painter, along with several enthusiasts, directly influenced the generations of illustrators who grew up in the decades after World War II, thus providing illustration with continuity but also the status of an equal art discipline. On the occasion of the exhibition from 1995, Cuca Sokić's conversation with Zoran L. Božović was published, in which she emphasizes the influence of her stay in Paris (1936-1939) on her artistic views.
It is natural that there is a mutual action and stimulating exchange of experience between Cuca Sokić's painting and her illustrative work, which is best illustrated by the essential features of her style stated by Professor Lazar Trifunović: coloring, subordinating details to the whole composition ... ”


Ljubica Cuca Sokić (1914-2009)
Even today, we remember with true reverence the respected personality of professor and academician Ljubica Cuca Sokic, her creative principles, and those who knew her personally, respected the modesty and charm of a simple person, civic discernment and friendly loyalty, honesty and dignity. The phenomenon of attractiveness and acceptability of Cuca Sokić's artistic principles can be explained by the feeling of permanence and duration, the atmosphere of contemplative peace - the constants of her creative poetics. Perhaps her art did not bring revolutionary innovations to contemporary Serbian painting, but talent and creative principle in the spirit of dedication and full concentration leveled the inner enigma of change with small differences and their artistic persuasiveness. The statement "Painting and my life are one and the same" brought closer the principles of the painter Zora Petrović, her high school teacher, and later her friend. Cuca Sokić's work belongs to the Serbian culture of the 20th century, a large exhibition on the occasion of her 80th birthday was organized, 60 years of work were marked, and a monograph was published. Cuca Sokic also owed Serbia its testamentary legacies, from museums in Belgrade and Novi Sad to cities in Serbia, and these legacies are part of the national heritage.




 

 

 
 
 
 
   
Graphic Collective Gallery, Dragoslava Jovanovića 11, Belgrade, Weekdays 12 - 20h, Saturdays 12 - 17h, Sundays closed
tel: +381.11.3285.923; tel/fax: +381.11.2627.785